Realism is an artistic movement that began in France in the 1850s. It is a representation of humble subjects, situations, problems, and objects as they appear in daily life without further interpreting or exaggerating emotions and the subject matter.
Realists believed in portraying things in the precise way that they exist, and their art embodied truth and simplicity. By showing such unsentimental records of real life and no ideal subject matter, realism was also able to portray and criticize social conditions of the time period.
Famous Realism Artists:
Wilhelm Oswald Gustav Achenbach
Example of Realism: Bonjour, Monsieur Courbet, 1854, by Gustave Courbet