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Art History

March 17, 2015 | Posted by | 1 Comment

Gender Inequality In Art

Hopes and Dreams by Amy Bernays on Zatista.com

Gender inequality is a hot topic in just about every industry in the world, including the Arts. It’s widely known that women have be underrepresented in history and literature, but it’s less widely known that female artists have been treated the same way. If you ask someone to recall famous artists, they usually say the same white males: Monet, Picasso, Van Gogh, Da Vinci, Michelangelo and so on. Why is it that women are more likely to be featured nude in art than be the featured artists?

Source Guerrilla Girls: http://www.guerrillagirls.com

Established in 1985, the Guerrilla Girls have been exposing discrimination in all areas of the arts including film, pop culture and fine art. Reported by Truth-out.org, their survey of the most influential galleries and museums showed women were vastly underrepresented. At MoMA, only 13 of the 169 artist on display were women, and, “Even worse, the modern art section of New York’s Metropolitan Museum was 97 percent male; on the flip side, 83 percent of the nudes were – you guessed it – girls and women.” This survey was done 27 years ago, but the 2012 study found that less than 4% of artists in the modern art section were women, but 75% of the nudes were women.

Source Guerrilla Girls: http://www.guerrillagirls.com

In 2014, Guerrilla Girls revamped their poster showing that bus companies have more equal gender distribution than art galleries. The edit showed New York was not the only city of art galleries discriminating; Paris is too. According to the group’s website, “Right now there is decent representation of women and artists of color at the beginning and emerging levels of the art world. At the institutional level however – in museums, major collections and auctions sales – things are still pretty dismal for all but white guys.”

Other groups like the Guerilla Girls have arisen. One group posted a report card— as a follow up to the Guerrilla Girls 1986 report card on women featured in art galleries— showing the percentages of women artists represented in galleries in 2015. Timeout New York’s article on the findings said, “According to Pussy Galore (whose membership, like Guerilla Girls, remains anonymous), only five out of 34 galleries selected have achieved anything like gender parity with 50 percent female artists or more; another three galleries weigh in at 40 percent. The rest ranged from 30 percent to a dubious low of 10 percent shared by three of the city’s largest galleries: Marlborough, Tony Shafrazi, and Sperone Westwater.”

Lutes by Valerie Vescovi on Zatista.com

In the 2014 Artnews article, “We Asked 20 Women “Is the Art World Biased?” Here’s What They Said,” there were mix feelings about the progress of women in the art world. Lisa Dennison, Chairman of Sotheby’s North and South America, said “The fact that we are still having this conversation is a strong indicator that women are discriminated against in the art world, as they are in many other sectors of our society.” She believes women are underrepresented, but poses the question of whether they have had the time and support to build their careers. Naomi Beckwith, Curator of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago said, “Unsavory personal experiences aside, sexism, I think, is made most visible in some statistical details: Over 50 percent of art school graduates are women but far less than 50 percent of monographic exhibition subjects are women.”

I Couldn’t Save Him by Cheryl Frey on Zatista.com

So, how will things change? Some argue that more female museum directors will show more female artists. SMU’s National Center for Arts Research did a study on the gender gap in art museum directorship showing this may be true of museums with budgets under $15 million of which 48% of the museum directors are women. But, in museums with budgets over $15 million, only 24% of museum directors are female and those females make 71 cents for every dollar a male art director makes. Out of the four museums in the U.S. with a budget over $100 million, there were no female directors. Males still dominate the industry even at a managerial level.

Why? by Anyes Galleani

One positive step forward is the push to inform the public on important female Artists. Art+Feminism had its annual—two years running— Wikipedia Edit-a-thon at the Museum of Modern Art in New York on March, 7th. The 200 volunteers came together to make Wikipedia pages for female artists. Forty-one new entries were created at the MoMA event and 102 articles were improved. Art+Feminism has also had many events globally, attracting 1,300 participants total. A few of the artists added were: Elise Forrest Harleston, Amy Maria Sacker, Janet Payne Bowles, Lisl Steiner, and LaToya Ruby Frazier.

Sky-escape by Liza Cassidy

Unfortunately, there is little evidence of progress for women in the art industry. With the push to inform the public of the problem and get these female artist recognized at a grassroots level, women could be represented in more museums across the country, but based on statistics taken from the last thirty years, it’s going to take decades before they are anywhere near equal to men.

 

February 17, 2015 | Posted by | No Comments

Berlin Wall With Lights

berlin1

via The Cool Hunter

Via Tuija Seipell for The Cool Hunter:

New and old Berliners, together with the entire world, took to the streets last fall, on the global 25th Anniversary celebration of the Fall of the Wall in 1989.

berlin2

Via The Cool Hunter

The city, its citizens and friends participated in events that commemorated the Peaceful Revolution. Among the key projects we the web portal Fall of the Wall 25 where everyone was invited to post memories, opinions and thoughts about the world-changing event.

berlin4

Via The Cool Hunter

berlin3

Via The Cool Hunter

Another project was a concept called Lichtgrenze by artists Christopher and Marc Bauder. It was made up of a row of 8,000 white luminous balloons creating a 15-kilometre Border of Light, that marked the former course of the Wall which divided the inner city of Berlin from Bornholmer Strasse to Mauerpark and the Berlin Wall Memorial on Bernauer Strasse to the Reichstag, past the Brandenburg Gate and Checkpoint Charlie to the East Side Gallery.

berlin5

Via The Cool Hunter

I am so encouraged to see art installations such as these becoming more and more a natural part of cultures around the globe. To have such a large piece of art that the public can engage in and experience, builds community in our world, bringing groups of people with vastly different experiences together by a common thread. Art heals!

February 12, 2015 | Posted by | No Comments

Gauguin Breaks Record Sale

via BBC: The Gauguin painting has been on public display for decades

Via BBC: A painting of two Tahitian girls by the French artist Paul Gauguin has been sold for $300 million, making it the most expensive work of art ever sold.

Nafea Faa Ipoipo, or When Will You Marry?, was painted in 1892 and had been owned by a Swiss collector. Unconfirmed reports suggest it was sold to a museum in Qatar. The small oil-rich state paid the previous highest price for a painting, a work by Paul Cezanne which sold for a reported $240 million.

Francis Bacon’s Three Studies of Lucian Freud fetched $135 million in November 2013 – The triptych is considered one of Bacon’s greatest masterpieces. It sold after six minutes of fierce bidding, according to auction house Christie’s.

Before its sale, the Gauguin artwork had been owned by Rudolf Staechelin, a collector from Basel. For decades it had been on loan to the Kunstmuseum Basel but Mr Staechelin decided to sell the painting after a disagreement with the museum, US media report.

Mr. Staechelin told the New York Times he would not divulge the identity of the buyer and it was not immediately clear where the sale had taken place. However the paper, which first reported the sale, quoted sources saying the painting had been sold to Qatari buyers.

Edvard Munch, The Scream – Perhaps one of the world’s most famous images, The Scream went on sale in May 2012, sparking a 12-minute bidding war. By the end, the privately-owned pastel, one of four in a series by the Norwegian, had been sold for $112 million.

 

Officials in Qatar have not yet confirmed the purchase. The sheikhdom’s royal family has in recent years spent vast amounts of money on Western art. Sheikh Saud bin Mohammed Al-Thani, a former minister of culture who died last year, lavished more than $1 billion of the country’s money on artworks. Qatar sponsored a 2012 Damien Hirst retrospective in the UK which later moved to the country’s capital Doha, and has invested large sums of money financing museums of Islamic and modern Arab art.

January 20, 2015 | Posted by | No Comments

What Are We Doing For Others?

Martin Luther King, Jr., flanked by some of his principal lieutenants: from left to right, Andrew Young, who later became a congressman, ambassador to the United Nations, and mayor of Atlanta; Ralph Abernathy, King’s closest adviser; and John Lewis, who is now a congressman. Photograph by Steve Schapiro.

According to NationalService.gov: Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, “What are you doing for others?” This question was posed by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The organization also states, “On MLK Day, Americans across the country come together for a day of service, picking up the baton handed to us by past generations and carrying forward their efforts. As one people, we show that when ordinary citizens come together to participate in the democracy we love, justice will not be denied. So make the commitment to serve your community throughout the year – and make MLK Day a day on, not a day off.”

People assemble to watch the march pass through Montgomery. This photograph is one of several unpublished images that Schapiro, who covered the third Selma march for Life, recently rediscovered. Photograph by Steve Schapiro.

Years ago, some great photographers captured Americans coming together during difficult times – fighting for the rights of generations to come. Photographers like Steve Schapiro and Gordon Parks whose work is shown here, documented our nation progressing towards a greater equality.

Participants in the march take a break. Photography by Steven Schapiro.

Depicting the march from Selma-to-Montgomery, AL in March 1965, the nonviolent discipline of the marchers became such a resonant chapter in the black freedom struggle that Barack Obama, in 2007, went to Selma to speak in the early years of his Presidency. The march is also the focal point of the Oscar nominated film, Selma.

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Thornton, Mobile, Alabama, 1956. Photography by Gordon Parks.

Untitled, Shady Grove, Alabama, 1956. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

Works by Gordon Parks are currently on display at Atlanta’s High Museum in an exhibit called Gordon Parks: Segregation Story. The exhibit runs through June 7, 2015.

January 15, 2015 | Posted by | No Comments

Homage To Paris

In light of the recent terrorist attacks in Paris, France, many people across the globe are coming together in support of the French people affected by this tragedy. Paris is an historic cultural center of the world, particularly in the Arts. Many great artists have come from Paris, and the city continues to inspire artists today. Below find a selection of works that pay homage to the City of Light and of Love.

The Pont des Arts is a pedestrian bridge in Paris that crosses the River Seine. Pont des Arts is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Paris.

Pont des Arts by Fikry Botros $420 on Zatista.com

Rue Chappe is a street located in the 18th arrondissement of Paris. It is named after the French engineer who invented the first telegraph: Claude Chappe.

Rue Chappe, Paris by Keith Gerling $700 on Zatista.com

The Eiffel Tower is one of the most recognizable structures in France. It was built in 1889 as the entrance arch to the 1889 World’s Fair and named after its designer, the engineer Gustave Eiffel.

Eiffel Tower by Jacquelyn Sloane Siklos $97 on Zatista.com

Notre Dame is a Catholic cathedral that stands on the Cite Island in the Seine River. The many famous gargoyles on the roof serve as drainpipes. Each grotesque figure has a passageway inside that carries rainwater from the roof and out through the gargoyle’s mouth.

Gargoyle Atop Notre Dame by James Conley $370 on Zatista.com

Lilies are the flower of France and the inspiration for the ‘fleur-de-lis’ symbol.

Purple Lilies by Frank DeSantis $530 on Zatista.com

Woman Following Newspaper Blowing In Paris Wind by Warren Keating $550 on Zatista.com

That’s The Way It Is by Kevin Brewerton $2,255 on Zatista.com

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